Bergamot Oil Side Effects and Skin Irritation



Bergamot oil is a clod pressed essential oil. This oil is produced by the cells inside the rind of bergamot orange fruit. It a familiar top note in perfumes. Bergamot essential oil is a special factor of the original Eau de Cologne. One hundred of Bergamot oranges will yield about three ounce (85 grams) of the Bergamot oil.

Generally Bergamot is the most delicate of the citrus plants, requiring special climate and soil in order to thrive. Bergamot is unique among citrus oils due to the ability of the Bergamot to be both calming and uplifting ad also making it ideal to help with anxious and sad feelings. This oil is also purifying and cleansing for the skin, while having a calming effect.

Bergamot oil is derived from bergamot fruit. This oil has extensive benefits in aromatherapy and medical field. However, excess use may result in bergamot side effects.

Bergamot essential oil do not seems to produce any side effects, but like many other essential oils, Bergamot is not recommended for use with the pregnant women or children’s. Some other oils may cause irritation or allergic reactions in the people with sensitive skin. So the Bergamot oil is wise to do a patch test before using regularly. If it is not tested then it may causes side effects to the sensitive peoples.

Concentrated forms of Bergamot oil as soon as it is applied to the skin it may cause blisters, redness and scabs. On some occasions, the herbal oil may cause extra photosensitivity to the skin leading to serious health issues in the long run like skin cancer. Due to the occurrence of the harmful chemical bergapten, the herb may lead to muscles cramp, blurred vision and twitching. The peoples are advised to avoid the herb with ant type of seizure disorder.

For its distinct taste this oil is added in Earl Grey tea. Depression, anxiety and stress can be reduced by this bergamot oil. Bergapten component housed in bergamot are responsible for possible side effects.

Skin Irritation

Like other essential oils, Bergamot oil can be very irritating to the skin of the normal peoples and sensitive peoples unless it is heavily diluted. Even then, Bergamot oil can cause side effects to the sensitive peoples very easily. As a listed by eMedtv, Bergamot oil effects may includes blisters, scabs, skin pigmentation changes, redness and mainly lightning side effects. Some peoples are using bergamot oil to help even in pigmentation lightening due to disorders vitiligo, but the effects may not be consistent.

Redness, rashes and blisters accompanied by inflammation can be seen after topical application of bergamot oil.

Essential oils are packed with exceptional nutrients. However, concentrated oils may irritate your sensitive skin.

This is why beauty experts recommend diluting essential oil before using it topically. However, even after diluted bergamot oil can irritate your skin.

Adverse Reaction

Bergapten, a compound in this oil has shown potassium depletion when ingested. A 44 year aged person experienced muscle cramps, blurred vision, paresthesias and fasciculations after having Earl Grey tea flavored with bergamot oil.

Make your Skin Sensitive to Sun (Photosensitivity)

Topical application of bergamot oil may result in scabs, pigment spots, skin cancer and sensitive to sun light.

Potassium Depletion

Consuming bergamot oil that contains bergapten it may decrease potassium levels in the humans body, which can lead to muscle twitching and muscle cramps, according to One case report involves a person who consumed about 1 gallon of Bergamot-flavoured Earl Gray tea daily and developed muscle cramps, abnormal sensation, blurred vision and twitches.


If bergamot oil is applied to skin, it can cause extra sensitivity to the sun- -photosensitivity- -that can result in severe sunburn and cell changes which can lead to skin cancer, according to, this effect is primarily caused by the component bergamottin. The bergamottin is a component which will absorbs ultraviolet light. It can continue up to 72 hours after bergamot oil is applied.

Bergamottin, a component residing in bergamot oil actively absorbs UV rays, which is the primary reason for this side effect.

Pregnant women and children must keep away from topical application of bergamot oil. Side effects of bergamot oil in children include convulsion and death if taken in large amount. (Source:

Difference Between Bergamot Side Effect and Allergy

Side Effects

  • Bergamot oil appear to be safe when consumed in amounts habitually originate in dietary sources or sensitive to bergamot oil.
  • Continuously use in women’s who is breast feeding, due to lack of sufficient data.
  • Bergamot may cause low blood pressure. Concern is advised in people captivating agents that lower blood pressure.
  • Bergamot may interfere with the way the body processes certain drugs, herbs and supplements using the livers cytochrome enzyme system.
  • Bergamot may cause people lower blood sugar. Caution is advised when herbs, drugs or supplements that may also lower peoples blood sugar.

Hives, swelling of throat and itchy patches are symptoms of an allergic reaction. Diarrhea, nausea and hives are signs of side effects.

Symptoms are almost similar and it isn’t easy for a normal person to differentiate.


  • Avoid persons with acknowledged allergy or sensitivity to bergamot; it is part or plants in Rutac eae family.
  • When applied to skin bergamot oil may cause sensitivity to sunlight or ultraviolet light.

This is the reason why most people wrongly thinks they are allergic certain substances when they are not.

Allergic reaction is very rare when compared to side effects.

Your immune system detects a foreign body as a threat and releases IgE antibodies to combat them. An allergic reaction may not be experienced first time. After a couple of times, the reaction triggers resulting in mild, moderate or severe symptoms.

Whereas, side-effect is common and is resulted due to excess use of the substance.

In both cases, avoiding the allergen and substance that caused side-effect will reduce the symptom.

Consult physician if you experience bergamot side effects.


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